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Home  >  History & Culture  >  American Indian Culture

American Indian Culture

Stories Of Pride And Honor Define The Rocky Mountain Indian Experience

Rocky Mountains Indian life is deeply moving – filled with pride, honor, and tradition. We invite you to get to know the Northern Rockies Indian tribes through reenactments, powwows, and museums. Learn about British Columbia’s 50 First Nations, located in over 200 communities. Visit Wyoming’s huge Wind River Reservation … where the famous Indian woman guide, Sacajawea , is said to be buried. Hear the thunder of hooves and feel the presence of brave warriors at Little Bighorn Battlefield. See where Chief Joseph and the Nez Perce fought and eluded the U.S. Cavalry . The tribes of the Northern Rockies are eager to share their heritage with you. Help honor their past and preserve their culture for future generations.


British Columbia


  • Coeur d'Alene Tribe -- The Coeur d'Alene's tribal homeland includes almost five million acres of what are now northern Idaho, eastern Washington and western Montana. 208-686-2023
  • Nez Perce Tribe -- The Nez Perce Reservation in Idaho totals about 138,000 acres. Approximately 1,800 of the 3,100 enrolled tribal members live on the reservation itself. 208-843-7342
  • Shoshone and Bannock Tribe -- The 544,000-acre Fort Hall Indian Reservation sits on a small part of the land that the Shoshone and Bannock Indians have lived on for more than 10,000 years.
  • Sacajawea Interpretive, Cultural & Educational Center – Honoring and providing education about America’s great historical heroine. Two miles from downtown Salmon, Idaho. ; 208-756-1188
  • Kootenai Tribe of Idaho -- One of the seven bands of Kootenai Nation, the Kootenai Tribe of Idaho lives on the Kootenai Reservation - 12.5 acres outside of Bonners Ferry, Idaho. The tribal elders hand down the skills and traditions of their ancestors, and many tribal members still speak the Kootenai language. 208-267-3519
  • Nez Perce National Historical Park – Since time immemorial, the Nimiipuu or Nez Perce have lived among the rivers, canyons, and prairies of Idaho, Montana, Oregon, and Washington. Despite the cataclysmic change of the past two centuries, the Nez Perce are still here. Explore the park's 38 sites and experience the story of a people who are still part of this landscape.


  • Blackfeet Nation – Of the approximately 15,560 enrolled tribal members, there are about 7,000 living on or near the reservation. Nearly 27 percent of enrolled members are of three-fourths or greater Indian blood.
  • Flathead Nation -- The Flathead Indian Reservation is home to the Confederated Salish and Kootenai tribes. The tribes are a combination of the Salish, the Pend d'Oreille, and the Kootenai. Of the approximately 7,005 enrolled tribal members, about 4,500 live on or near the reservation. In Pablo, the tribal headquarters for the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes, The People's Center is a unique cultural center provides a vital, living encounter with Native American culture through its exhibit gallery, educational programs, and Native Ed-Venture interpretive tours focusing on heritage, natural history, and cultural interpretation.
  • Crow Nation – About 75 percent of the Crow tribe's approximately 10,000 or more enrolled members live on or near the reservation. Eighty-five percent speak Crow as their first language.
  • Fort Peck Nation – About 6,800 Assiniboine and Sioux live on the Fort Peck Reservation, with another approximately 3,900 tribal members living off the reservation.
  • Fort Belknap Nation – The Fort Belknap Reservation is home to two tribes, the Assiniboine, or Nakoda, and the Gros Ventre, who refer to themselves as A'aninin or "People of the White Clay." Combined enrollment is approximately 4,000.
  • Little Shell – this band of the Chippewa Tribe is a state-recognized tribe without a designated reservation in Montana. There are over 4,000 enrolled members within the state, many of which live in the Great Falls and surrounding area. The tribe is currently petitioning for federal recognition.
  • Northern Cheyenne – Approximately 5,000 Northern Cheyenne, along with members of other tribes and with non-Native Americans, live on the reservation. Lame Deer is the tribal and government agency headquarters. There are four other districts that comprise the whole reservation.
  • Rocky Boy’s – Rocky Boy's provides a home for about 2,500 members of the Chippewa-Cree tribe. The name "Rocky Boy" was derived from the name of a leader of a band of Chippewa Indians. It actually meant "Stone Child," but it was not translated correctly from Chippewa into English, and "Rocky Boy" evolved.
  • Little Bighorn Battlefield – Memorializes one of the last armed efforts of the Northern Plains Indians to preserve their way of life. In 1876, 263 soldiers and attached personnel of the U.S. Army, including Lt. Col. George A. Custer, met death at the hands of several thousand Lakota and Cheyenne warriors.
  • Nez Perce National Historical Park – Since time immemorial, the Nimiipuu or Nez Perce have lived among the rivers, canyons, and prairies of Idaho, Montana, Oregon, and Washington. Despite the cataclysmic change of the past two centuries, the Nez Perce are still here. Explore the park's 38 sites and experience the story of a people who are still part of this landscape.
  • Museum of the Plains Indian , Browning, MT - A permanent exhibit presents the rich diversity of historic arts of the tribal peoples of the Northern Plains, and two special exhibition galleries are devoted to changing presentations promoting the creative works of outstanding talented contemporary Native American artists and craftspeople.


  • Tamastslikt Cultural Institute – The Cayuse, Umatilla, and Walla Walla Indian tribes are a small group of people with a big story to tell – one of 10,000 years of enduring culture. Exhibits and events at Tamastslikt (which means “interpret” in the Walla Walla native language) showcase traditional song, dance, art, language, clothing, religion, and food. (541) 966-9748;


  • Kalispel Indian Reservation - Located approximately 55 miles north of Spokane in Pend Oreille County. The main reservation consists of 4,654 acres along ten miles of the Pend Oreille River’s east bank near Usk, Washington, plus an additional 240 acres of reservation land on the west bank of the river north of Cusick, Washington. 509-445-1147


  • Wind River Reservation – Home to the Eastern Shoshone and Northern Arapaho peoples, the reservation spans 2.2 million acres and is the third largest in total land size of all Indian reservations in the United States. Sacajawea, the famous guide who helped Lewis & Clark, is said to be buried here.

Lose Yourself In Historic And Dynamic Northern Rockies Indian Culture

Experience the best of Rocky Mountain Indian history and culture. Use the Top 10 Scenic Drives in the Northern Rockies to plan truly unforgettable vacations.